By- Ashwika Maria

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Ashwika Maria


Anxiety and depression: how are they poles apart?


In today's world, anxiety and depression have become too common in day to day usage. There is a great difference between both, which is unknown to most of the people. But the truth is that they both are poles apart. Let's discuss this.


Anxiety and depression are kept in different classes of mental health disorders. Depression is a mood disorder while anxiety is its own class of conditions. 

Even their definition shows the difference. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by despondency and overwhelming sadness. It is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sorrow and a loss of interest in everyday activities. 

On the other hand, Anxiety is an overwhelming worry or stress related to the perceived inevitability that an adverse event or outcome will occur. While normal stress might cause an individual to be fearful of a dangerous object, animal, or situation; a person with anxiety would experience fear  of an object or situation that poses little or no danger at all. Anxiety disorders differ from the normal feelings of nervousness or worry and include excessive fear that is usually unnecessary.


Mostly both of them have similar symptoms that it is difficult to differentiate between them. The most common symptoms are excessive fear and loss of concentration. But the tendency to suicide is more in the case of depression.

Some main symptoms of depression are loss of pleasure in normal activities or hobbies, sleep disturbances, tiredness and lack of energy. They may experience reduced appetite or increased cravings, unexplained physical problems, such as pains or aches, etc. Mostly they have the feelings of sadness, emptiness or hopelessness, slowed thinking, speaking or bodily movements, feelings of worthlessness, fixating on past failures or self-blame, angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters.

 On the other hand, an individual who suffers from anxiety disorders will experience rapid heartbeat and breathing along with sweating. They may experience dizziness, headaches, insomnia and fatigue. They feel restless, tensed and have an irrational feel of fright.


Even there are differences in the medications for anxiety and depression.

For depression, doctors prescribe antidepressants, which are mood elevators to improve efficiency in work, reduce tension and enhance mood. Common antidepressants are SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs and MAOIs.

Anxi-anxiety medications include benzodiazepines, which is mostly used for treating anxiety.

But sometimes, they may have some connections. Anxiety and depression often occur together. According to some studies, nearly 50 percent of people with depression also have an anxiety disorder. 

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