Hello everyone! In this article I am going to describe some of the fundamental rights being provided by the Constitution of India to its citizens. Fundamental Rights are the rights which are essential for intellectual, moral and spiritual development of the citizens of India. As these rights are fundamental or essential for existence and all-round development of individuals, they are called Fundamental Rights. Fundamental rights are universally applied to all the citizens of India irrespect of any discrimination regarding caste, creed, colour, sex, religion, etc.
Fundamental rights helps to strengthen the roots of a democratic constitution. It preserves the liberties of the people and protect them against any disrimination. These rights protect and preserve the minority rights. Fundamental rights helps to establish better relationships between citizens and the state.
* RIGHT TO EQUALITY (Article 14-18) : This right guarantees to every person equality before law on the equal protection of laws within the territory of India. It prohibits the state to discrimination against any citizen on the grounds of religion, race, caste, place of birth, etc. Indian Constitution provides for equality of opportunity to all citizens.
* RIGHT TO FREEDOM (Article 19-22) : This ensures to Indian citizens freedom of speech and expression, assemble peacefully, form unions, freedom to travel anywhere, reside and settle everywhere, practice any profession. It protects persons accused or punished and declares that no person shall be deprived of his life and liberty. The constitution provides safeguards upon a person arrested under ordinary circumstances.
* RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION (Article 23-24) : This right prohibits traffic in human beings. It bans beggary or forced labour. It includes traffic in women and girls for immoral purposes. No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in hazardous employment like a factory or a mine.
* RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION (Article 25-28) : This right guarantees freedom of conscience by the state in the interest of morality, health and public order. There is a freedom to manage religious affairs and there will be no tax for maintenance of any particular religion and full freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutions.
* CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS (Article 29-30) : This gives the rights to minorities to conserve their distinct language, script and culture, and to establish and administer institutions of their choice. While granting financial aid to minority institutions the state shall not discriminate on any ground.
* RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES (Article 32) : This guarantees the right to move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of rights given by part III of the Constitution. Under Article 226, a person can move the High Court for enforcement of his fundamental rights.
We should be aware of our rights and our concerned duties towards these rights. Our major duties are to abide by the Indian Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, to uphold and protect sovereignty, unity and integrity of India. We should value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.