By- Tannu

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Welcome readers! We all are familiar with India, but might not be with its culture and heritage. "INDIA" is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse nation in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. It is the land of cultures and religions. Indian culture is a philosophy which encourages languages, religion, dance, music, food and architecture with varying features within the country. Indian culture is a mixture of many cultural systems and make a diversified country. The vital components of the Indian culture are good manners, etiquette, civilized communication, rituals, beliefs, values, etc. People live peacefully by following their own cultures and traditions in India.

The culture of India is the oldest culture of the world around 5,000 years. Indian culture is considered as the first and supreme culture of the world. There is a common saying about India that "Unity in diversity" means India is a diverse country where people of many religions live together peacefully with their own seperate cultures. People of various religions differ in their language, food, rituals, etc. however they live with unity. Various religions have their origin from very old age. It is considered as Hinduism was originated from Vedas. Jainism has ancient origin and their existence was in the Indus Valley. Buddhism was originated in the country after the teachings of Lord Gautama Buddha. In this way, various religions were originated in ancient time or brought to the country by any means.



The 'Namaste' is one of the most popular Indian customs and isn't just restricted to the Indian territory anymore. The namaste is one of the five forms of traditional greetings mentioned in the ancient Hindu Scriptures, the Vedas. There is a great culture of our nation that we should always welcome our guests like a God very happily, that's why India is famous for a well known saying "Atithi Devo Bhava". The basic root of our great culture are humanity and spiritual practices.


Indian food and cuisine not only form the integral part of culture of India but are also one of the critical factors of India's popularity worldwide. Indian food has a significant reputation for its extensive use of spices and herbs. Just like dances, religious practices, languages and clothes, you will also find a wide variety of food throughout the country. Almost every region is known for a significant dish or ingredient. The staple, however, throughout the nation mostly consists of rice, wheat and Bengal gram (chana).


India is a land of "unity in diversity". Different forms of dance (folk or classical) find origin from different parts of the country, and they are a representation of particular culture from which they originate. Eight classical dances, which are classified as Indian classical dances and find a mention in the Hindu Sanskrit text, 'Natyashashtra' (a text of performing art) are: Bharatnatyam, Kathakali, Kathak, Mohiniyattam, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Manipuri, Sattriya.


The Indian traditions and scriptures contains various signs and symbols which have multiple meanings. For example, the usage of swastika, in Indian context, is the symbol of Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles. The arms of swastika have various meanings. They signifies the four vedas, the four constellations, or the four primary aims of human pusuit. In the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit, swastika means "well-being".


India is socially, culturally and linguistically very diverse. Hindi and English languages are widely spoken and recognised for official purposes. There are 22 scheduled languages recognised by Constitution of India. Over the years, about 190 languages have become endangered due to very few surviving speakers. There exists thousands of traditions and culture in India, and a few of them would leave outsiders rather curious.


Most temples are located along magnetic wave lines of the Earth, which helps in maximising the available positive energy. The copper plate (called garbhagriha or moolasthan) buried under the main idol absorbs and resonates this energy to its surroundings. Going to the temples often helps in having a positive mind and getting positive energies, which in turn lead to healthier functioning.


Cow, in the Indian culture, is considered to be a holy animal. She is worshipped as a material figure and is a depiction of the bounty of Mother Earth. Lord Krishna, is also known by the name of 'Govinda' or 'Gopala', which translates to the 'friend and protector of Cow'. Hence, cows has an auspicious significance in Indian culture and religion. Thus, feeding a cow or making contributions for cow shelters is of immense religious importance for Indians.

Humility and respect are highly esteemed in Indian Culture. Respecting elders and even younger people is held as an essential parameter that defines the level of decency in human beings. Decency has a very high regard in the social status of Indians. Our ethnic culture always teaches us to behave well, respect others, care helpless people and always help the poor and needy people. We should respect and honour our Indian Culture a lot. We should be very proud to be an "Indian".

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