Organ Donation has become one of the foremost talked topics during this epoch. Organ Donation is the method when a person permits the removal and transplantation of his body organs to another person, legally, either by the consent of the donor while he is alive or with the permission of the future kin of the donor.
Organ donations may be from each living donor as well as a brain-dead donor. Common transplantations embrace kidneys, liver, heart, liver, pancreas, lungs, intestines, bones, bone marrow, skin and corneas. There are some which might be donated while the donor is alive like the excretory organ, a part of the liver, a part of the exocrine gland or part of the lungs however the donations of organs like heart, bone, bone marrow surface after the death of the donor.
Organ donations are a need of the hour as once a year around 5 lakh folks die because of a shortage of organs. The organ donation rate in India is as low as 0.3 /million, as compared to 26/million within the US. Some countries run on the assumption that every person’s organs are going to be donated after their death. In India, the situation is completely different as in India a written consent is needed for organ harvesting. If we have a glance at the donations in different areas and cities of India, Mumbai has the very best variety of organ donors in India with 79 donations happening in 2019.
SOME NOT-SO-TRUE AND CUSTOMARY BELIEFS: -
MYTHS AND FACTS: -
1. I have a medical condition; thus, I can’t be a donor.
(Fact: Anyone regardless of medical history can sign up to be a donor.)
2.I’m too old to be a donor.
(Fact: There’s no age limit to organ donation.)
3.I don’t assume my religion supports donation.
(Fact: Most religions think about organ donation as the final act of affection and generosity towards others.)
4.If they see I’m a donor at the hospital, they won’t try and save my life.
(Fact: When someone is sick or injured and admitted to a hospital, the sole priority is to save your life.)
5.Rich or famous people on the waiting list get organs faster.
(Fact: A national computer system matches donated organs to recipients. Race, financial condition and recognition is never thought of.)
6.My family won’t be able to have an open-casket funeral if I’m a donor.
(Fact: An open-casket funeral is feasible for organ, eye and tissue donors.)
7.My family will have to pay for the donation.
(Fact: The donor or his family is not needed to spend a single penny for donating the organs or tissues.)
8. Somebody could take my organs and sell them.
(Fact: Federal and Indian law prohibits buying and merchandising of organs.)
9.If I’m in a coma, they may take my organs.
(Fact: The bulk of deceased organ donors are patients who have been declared brain dead.)
10.People in the LGBT community can’t donate.
(Fact: There is no such regulation that excludes a member of LGBT from donating organs.)
CHARGE OF GOVERNANCE: -
In India, organ donation is governed by both the Government at both the national and state level. National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO) is a national level organisation that comes under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Zonal Transplant Coordination Centre, Mumbai (ZTCC) is a not-for-profit organisation that was set up in Mumbai in 2000 to spread awareness regarding organ donation. Organ donation can be simply done by filling the donor consent form available on the website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
BENEFITS OF ORGAN DONATION: -
A brain-dead donor has the capacity to save up to 8 lives of people suffering from end-stage organ failures.
1. Helps the family of the donor to get through the time of ultimate grief of the donor’s death by taking consolation in knowing that their loved one helped save someone’s life.
2. Organ donation can give someone freedom from the highly expensive treatments, like dialysis.
3. Becoming an owner would not only save a person’s life but will leave a life-long impact on the person receiving the organ and his family.
4. The family of the person donating his/her organs are put in a higher priority zone if in future they require any organ transplant.
So, let’s make a pledge that no-one in India shall lose his/her life due to the non-availability of organs.