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PLASTIC SURGERY- A HEALING ART?

American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) revealed that in 2018 almost 18 million people underwent surgical and

minimally invasive cosmetic surgeries in the United States, the country with the highest rate of cosmetic surgeries. Cosmetic surgical procedures have been on the rise in the U.S.A over the past 5 years. There is no denying the fact

that China, Brazil, and India follow closely behind the USA. These countries top the charts because of the sole reason that they have comparatively better health infrastructure and facilities.


How did the concept of Plastic surgeries emerge? Well, it is interesting to know that the concept of reconstructive surgeries originate in ancient India when physicians ‘Skin grafts’ (a surgical procedure in which a damaged area of skin is replaced with healthy skin) for the reconstruction of damaged skin back in 800 B.C. Later, many eastern and European countries began to learn this art of reconstruction and apply the same with innovative techniques. Thus, gradually ‘Plastic surgeries’ emerged in western countries with high-tech machinery, a healing art performed by skilled surgeons.



Why have plastic surgeries become a new trend? It is apparent that human beings always seek self-improvements in whatever ways possible. They might prefer going long ways in the pursuit of finding themselves ways for self-love. This is exactly where they shut their eyes to the idea of loving themselves for who they are or look. The new trend suggests that people have started to pursue a cosmetic treatment so as to smooth, shrink, or tuck a facet of their appearance and appreciating their new looks. The sole objective with which the healing art of plastic surgeries was used in ancient times has gradually been blurred with the focused lens of beautifying the human bodies. It is less used to heal the burned or scratched skin than it is used for body enhancement. This is where ‘Plastic surgery’ transformed into what is now known as ‘Cosmetic Surgery’.


A cosmetic surgery chiefly focuses on the enhancement of the whole body or some body parts to ‘beautify’ them and improves their appearance. A study by Adrian Furnham and James Levitas performed in the United Kingdom revealed that the women who rated their self-esteem, life satisfaction, and attractiveness as low, had few religious beliefs, and high media exposure were more likely to undergo cosmetic surgery. This suggests that people who are conscious about their appearance and think that their self-esteem can be improved by bringing changes in their body often opted for cosmetic surgeries.



Liposuction (removal of excessive fat), Breast augmentation, Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), Rhinoplasty (reshaping nose), Chin augmentation, etc are considered the most popular cosmetic surgeries. What is striking here is to note that such reconstruction surgeries are no longer the convenience of only the upper wealthy class. Plenty of financing and insurance options have led to a substantial increase in the affordability of cosmetic surgeries. Innovative and reliable technological advancement has also led to a high rate of people opting for such surgeries to meet their needs of having an improved body style. However, these surgeries require caution both before and after they are performed.


Interestingly, what plays a bigger factor in holding cosmetic surgeries as the new trend is its acceptance among people. Social media has invariably played a major role in our lives. We see ourselves from the mirror of perception of and acceptance from others and thus leading us to remain in constant self-scrutiny. People no longer feel bashful to reveal that they are undergoing reconstructive surgery and that they are proud of their reformed bodies. Thus, the art of healing has transformed into an art of beautifying ourselves.



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